The extension of federal judicial authority to controversies between states and the establishment of the original jurisdiction before the Supreme Court of appeals, for which a state is a party, has its origin in experience. Prior to independence, disputes between colonies claiming charter rights in the territory were settled by the Council of Privileges. According to the statutes of the Confederacy, Congress was “the last resort on call” to “resolve all disputes and disputes . . . . between two or more states concerning the border, jurisdiction or any other case, and to establish effective ad hoc arbitration tribunals for the resolution of such disputes and the pronouncement of a final judgment. When the Philadelphia Convention met in 1787, serious disputes over borders, lands and river rights were ten states.1042 It is therefore hardly surprising that, in the first 60 years, the only state disputes before the Supreme Court were border disputes1043 or that such disputes constitute the largest number of interstate remedies. However, since 1900, increasing population mobility and prosperity and the effects of technology and industrialization have been increasingly common.
An intergovernmental pact is an agreement between two or more states of the United States, which is approved by the respective legislators of those states and, if necessary, approved by the United States Congress on the basis of the purpose of the Covenant. Pacts that get congressional approval become federal. As interstate treaties, pacts affect the rights and duties of the states you (and their citizens); The U.S. Supreme Court has indicated that the interests of non-partisan states could be a factor in determining the need for congressional approval. A pact usually contains provisions relating to its purpose; The specific conditions relating to the theme of the pact; the creation, in some cases, of an intergovernmental agency to manage the pact or other management method; Funding sources and other provisions of the treaty, such as dispute resolution, enforcement, termination of the pact or resignation of a member. Many examples of compacts and intergovernmental agencies to manage them are available online. Similarly, the court refused to take responsibility for a Massachusetts action against Missouri and some of its citizens to prevent Missouri from imposing inheritance tax on intangible assets held in trust in Missouri by resident administrators. On the ground that the appeal was not a legitimate controversy, the Court stated that, in order to constitute such a controversy, the applicant had to prove that he had “suffered harm as a result of the action of the other state, that he had appealed in the event of a judicial dismissal, or that he was asserting a right against the other state which, according to . . . common law or jurisdictional equity systems. 1064 The fact that the trust was sufficient to meet the requirements of the two states, and that the recovery by one of the two states would not become a right of the other, would be the case of Texas in Florida,1065, where the opposite situation is reached.