NAFTA was the most hated trade agreement in U.S. history. A poll earlier this year showed that a large number of Americans wanted to leave the agreement, and only one in three felt it was advantageous. That`s why self-proclaimed “free traders,” who keep complaining about Trump`s use of tariffs and other aggressive tactics, should congratulate him. Trump made a pact that facilitated the trade in patronage and replaced it with a durable pact that preserves liberalized trade in North America. It also serves as a new standard for trade agreements with other counties, particularly its provisions on the protection of digital services and intellectual property in the United States – a large part of the future economy. On Sunday, Mexico`s chief negotiator, Jesus Seade, told Mexican lawmakers that U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer wanted to change the definition of what makes steel and aluminum in North America. On November 30, 2018, the USMCA was signed as planned by the three parties at the G20 summit in Buenos Aires.   Disputes over labour rights, steel and aluminum prevented ratification of this version of the agreement.
  Canadian Deputy Prime Minister Chrystia Freeland, U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lightizer, and Mexican Under-Secretary of State for North America Jesus Seade officially signed a revised agreement on December 10, 2019, ratified by the three countries on March 13, 2020. Mnuchin said the U.S. government would work with China on a second phase of the trade agreement and make progress because of the completion of work on some topics, such as concerns about Chinese government subsidies to Chinese companies. On Sunday night, during a speech in Austin, Texas, President Trump applauded the pioneering agreement between the United States, Mexico-Canada (USMCA) and China and their potential benefits to American farmers. To facilitate the strengthening of cross-border trade, the United States has reached an agreement with Mexico and Canada to increase the value of de minimis delivery. For the first time in decades, Canada will increase its de minimis level from $20 ($15.38) to $40 ($30.77) for taxes. Canada will also offer duty-free shipments of up to 150 $US ($115.38). Mexico will continue to provide $50 de minimis exemptions and will also offer duty-free shipments of up to $117.
Shipping rates to this level would be achieved with minimum formal entry procedures, which would allow more businesses, particularly small and medium-sized enterprises, to be part of cross-border trade. Canada will also allow the importer to pay taxes 90 days after the importer enters. An April 2019 Analysis by the International Trade Commission on the likely effects of the USMCA estimated that the agreement would increase U.S. real GDP by 0.35 percent if the agreement were fully implemented (six years after ratification) and would increase total U.S. employment by 0.12% (176,000 jobs).   The analysis cited by another Congressional Research Service study showed that the agreement would not have a measurable effect on employment, wages or overall economic growth.  In the summer of 2019, Larry Kudlow, Trump`s chief economic adviser (the director of the National Economic Council at Trump White House), made unfounded statements about the likely economic impact of the agreement and overstated forecasts related to jobs and GDP growth.  The USMCA would help U.S. creative industries and prevent other countries from stealing our intellectual property and trade secrets.